FIFA World Cup 2018. Sochi
Sochi – resort city in Russia, located in the north-eastern coast of the Black Sea (Black Sea coast of Russia) in the Krasnodar region, at a distance of 1700 km from Moscow.
However, urban-type settlements and near Krasnaya Polyana village, located on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus mountain range forms a municipal formation resort city of Sochi, also informally referred to as the Big Sochi. Sochi is the largest resort city in Russia, [a major transportation hub, as well as a major economic and cultural center of the Russian Black Sea coast.
Continuous urban population of the city of Sochi – 401,291 people. (2016), and the municipal formation resort city of Sochi – 480,215 people. (2016). The population of Sochi is the 5th place among the cities of the Southern Federal District. Among the cities of Sochi on the Black Sea occupies the 3rd place in terms of population, giving Odessa and Samsun and slightly ahead of Sevastopol, Trabzon and Varna.
Sochi is also the longest city in Russia
In 2007 Sochi was elected as the capital of the XXII Olympic Winter Games. September 15, 2009 Sochi entered the World Union of Olympic Cities.
During the preparation for the Olympics in the development of the city and its infrastructure, 500 billion rubles were spent.
The city is located around 43 degrees north latitude, that is, about the latitude of Nice, Toronto, Almaty and Vladivostok. Sochi Coordinates (General Post Office) – 43 ° 35’07 “with. w., 39 ° 43’13 “in. d.
The most important factors that attract tourists in Sochi are a warm, subtropical climate; sea, mineral sources, the proximity of the mountains, the development of tourist and recreational infrastructure. Virgin Colchis forests of the Western Caucasus in the city (Caucasus State Biosphere Reserve) on the list of UNESCO World Heritage.
The length of the city of Sochi on the Black Sea coastline – about 145 km. On the territory of Sochi resort city exceeds 28 states, including, for example, a country like the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
The city of Sochi was founded April 21, 1838 as a fort Alexandria. On the territory of modern Sochi during the Caucasian war it was also based strengthening of the Holy Spirit (1837), marked the beginning of the future Adler, Lazarev forts and Golovin (1839), who later became the village of Lazarevskoye and Golovinka.
In total in Sochi more than 400 tourism industry establishments: 35 recreation centers, 16 guest houses, 86 hotels, 4 holiday homes, 17 health centers, 49 hotels, 76 boarding houses, 84 health resort and tourist centers 3.
Of all of tourism establishments “stellar” certification are 120 accommodation facilities (hotels, boarding houses, sanatoriums, bases of rest), including “five stars” – 2, “four stars” – 14 “three stars” – 60 and “two stars “- 40 objects. It is envisaged that “in Sochi to be the largest number of five-star hotels, designed for foreigners and tourists with incomes above the average – up to 50% of the total amount, the remaining 50% – 4-star and 3-star.”
Sochi is a major transportation hub in southern Russia. City serves Sochi International Airport, seven railway stations: Sochi, Adler, Lazarus, Host, Olympic Park, Krasnaya Polyana, Loo and many flatcars to stop the trains.
In Sochi, two seaports – Port of Sochi and a new cargo port Imereti.
The Olympic Winter Games were held in Sochi from 7 to 23 February, 2014. Paralympic Winter Games took place from 7 to 16 March, 2014. For the game in a lot of sports and infrastructure facilities located in two clusters were built within 5-6 years: coastal and mountain. In the mountains, in Krasnaya Polyana, held competitions in alpine skiing, cross country skiing, biathlon, snowboarding, freestyle skiing, ski jumping, bobsleigh, luge and skeleton.
On the shore of the Black Sea, in the Imereti lowland, in a specially built for the Olympic Games the Olympic Park and situated on its territory of sports facilities have passed the official opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, as well as ice hockey competition, speed skating, figure skating, curling, short- track.Composition “Opheliea’s Blues” belong to the performer Audionautix. License: Creative Commons Attribution (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).